Avian influenza, also known as bird flu, is a zoonotic disease with several different subtypes that affect mostly other birds, but few can be transmitted to humans. In 2017, highly pathogenic avian influenza a(h5n8) virus was detected in poultry in the democratic republic of the congo whole-genome phylogeny showed the virus clustered with h5n8 clade 2344b strains from birds in central and southern asia. The emergence of avian influenza a/h7n9 in china underscores the dynamic nature of such threats, and the importance of prompt, evidence-based control of emerging diseases at their source in order to mitigate negative regional and global public health impact.
The highly pathogenic influenza a virus subtype h5n1 is an emerging avian influenza virus that is causing global concern as a potential pandemic threat it is often referred to simply as bird flu or avian influenza, even though it is only one of many subtypes. The purpose of this course is to provide nurses and other healthcare providers with information on the emerging threat, epidemiology, and clinical description of avian influenza the overall objective of this course is to increase the learner's knowledge of avian influenza and the response steps they can take to decrease the spread of disease. In fact, the frenetic global activity around avian influenza's potential threat to human a pandemic strain emerging in africa is a global concern as. Emerging infectious diseases comprise a substantial fraction of all consequential human infections they have caused the deadliest pandemics in recorded human history, including the black death pandemic (bubonic/pneumonic plague 25 million to 40 million deaths) in the 14th century, the 1918 influenza pandemic (50 million deaths), and the hiv/aids pandemic (35 million deaths so far.
The united nations food and agriculture organization (fao) has warned that without timely intervention 'to stop it in its tracks,' outbreaks of the highly virulent avian flu virus h5n1, which has already spread to five west african countries in six months, will spread across the region and. The 2009 h1n1 pandemic influenza virus emerged from pigs as well, but only after complex exchanges of human, swine, and avian influenza genes h5n1 influenza emerged from wild birds to cause epizootics that amplified virus transmission in domestic poultry, precipitating dead-end viral transmission to poultry-exposed humans. 3 strategies for disease containment plan for containing pandemic avian influenza whenever the possibility of using a quarantine is discussed, they observe. Essay on project to boost veterinary services to prevent avian flu in asia and & asia pacific type of paper: essays subject: medicine words: 1269 emerging infectious diseases (eid) and pandemics in humans and animals represent considerable threats with social, economic and health implications.
Avian influenza: an emerging feline threat (update) a second outbreak of h5n1 avian influenza in nondomestic cats occurred in avian influenza: an emerging. Avian influenza, also called bird flu, is an emerging epidemic disease that is highly contagious, spreads quickly and easily between domestic and wild birds, and it occasionally infects humans, although it is not passed on between humans it presents a major threat to life, economies and security. As reported in avian influenza: our current understanding, this virus represents a public health threat, with some infected humans having severe disease and a high case fatality rate suarez maintains that it is a difficult disease to control because of its highly infectious nature and the interface of domestic and wild animals.
The monster at our door: the global threat of avian flu paperback - bargain price, as a afficionado of emerging threats, this book is plays out in spades a. Public health threat of highly pathogenic asian avian influenza a (h5n1) virus - cdc. Global spread of h5n1 h5n1 influenza in birds is considered a significant pandemic threat while other h5n1 influenza avian influenza virus h3n2 is. Dr borio has been instrumental in coordinating fda's response to the 2009 h1n1 influenza pandemic and continues to oversee fda's preparedness and response activities for emerging threats, such as the avian influenza a (h7n9) virus and the west africa ebola epidemic.
We've an excellent mini-review of zoonotic respiratory disease threats, published earlier this month in frontiers in public health, that looks four specific types of emerging or re-emerging threats influenza viruses, coronaviruses, enteroviruses (evs), and adenoviruses (ads. The h5n1 strain is a fast-mutating, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (hpai) found in multiple bird species it is both epizootic (an epidemic in non-humans) and panzootic (a disease affecting animals of many species especially over a wide area.
Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases: avian influenza, monkeypox, nipah, sars, and ebola are all the result, to a greater or lesser extent, of. Avian influenza essayspandemics are of a great danger especially in this century where global traveling and poverty are eminent in every corner of the world these two are by far the most prominent reasons why a pandemic is imminent and forthcoming. Emerging global health threats - influenza, ebola, lassa, zika the global threat of infectious diseases emerging and re-emerging diseases avian influenza.